Adolescent care is a subspeciality of paediatric care. Adolescent care involves improving the transition of care for young people into adult health care services. Adolescents are children who are between 10 to 18 years of age and are in the adolescent stage of development. Children in this age group have their own set of challenges, including puberty and social issues. Dr Leana van Dyk believes her patients are living in a time where young people are facing more challenges than ever before, and therefore has a focus on adolescent care. A biopsychosocial and evidence-based approach is always a priority when Dr Van Dyk manages her patients care. These approaches systematically consider the aforementioned biological, psychological, and social factors and their complex interactions and impact on understanding different health concerns and delivering appropriate and effective health care.
Dr Van Dyk provides adolescents with comprehensive care, advice and treatment for a variety of problems and conditions, including:
- Acute or chronic illness - from streptococcal pharyngitis to asthma, diabetes, or cerebral palsy. Certain illnesses and conditions may delay puberty, or the hormonal changes that take place can sometimes affect the treatment of certain conditions. Adjustments in treatment may need to be made.
- Gynecologic issues - menstrual disorders such as painful periods or the absence of a menstrual period. Reproductive health, such as sexually transmitted diseases, birth control and unintended pregnancies.
- Sexuality and the challenges related to it, such as higher rates of suicide and risky health behaviours
- Substance abuse - drug, alcohol, and tobacco use prevention and counselling
- Eating disorders, such as bulimia and anorexia, nutrition, and obesity
- Mood disorders and psychosocial problems including depression, stress, anxiety, self-esteem, and sleep problems
- Acne, rashes and other skin conditions
- Physical exams required for insurance or sports participation
- Sports medicine and orthopaedic problems, such as scoliosis
- Growth and development issues
- Headaches, chest pain, and other aches
- Learning, and attention problems such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)